African GREAT LEADERS
These leaders were willing to put everything on the line to encounter the unknown and articulate change in Africa. A change that will see Africa for Africans . For they will a United Independent Africa Nations
What does it take to go down as a great leader on the African continent? Perhaps it requires perseverance and dedication. What about responsibility? Surely, with enormous power comes great responsibility. The personalities we are about to explore had more to them than the above character traits.
Kwame Nkrumah PC was a Ghanaian politician and revolutionary. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, having led the Gold Coast to independence from Britain in 1957
Haile Selassie I was Crown Prince and Regent of the Ethiopian Empire from 1916 to 1928, and then King and Regent from 1928 to 1930, and finally Emperor from 1930 to 1974. He is a defining figure in modern Ethiopian history
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi, commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary and politician . He governed Libya as Revolutionary Chairman of the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 to 1977, and then as the “Brotherly Leader” of the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya from 1977 to 2011.
Patrice Émery Lumumba was a Congolese politician and independence leader who served as the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Congo from June until September 1960. He played a significant role in the transformation of the Congo from a colony of Belgium into an independent republic.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist. He governed Tanganyika as Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962 and then as President from 1963 to 1964, after which he led its successor state, Tanzania, as President from 1964 to 1985.
Wangarĩ Muta Maathai was a renowned Kenyan social, environmental and political activist and the first African woman to win the Nobel Prize. She was educated in the United States at Mount St. Scholastica and the University of Pittsburgh, as well as the University of Nairobi in Kenya.
Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara was a Burkinabé revolutionary and President of Burkina Faso from 1983 to 1987. A Marxist and pan-Africanist, he was viewed by supporters as a charismatic and iconic figure of revolution, and is sometimes referred to as “Africa’s Che Guevara”.
Bantu Stephen Biko was a South African anti-apartheid activist. Ideologically an African nationalist and African socialist, he was at the forefront of a grassroots anti-apartheid campaign known as the Black Consciousness Movement during the late 1960s and 1970s.
Amílcar Lopes da Costa Cabral was a Bissau-Guinean and Cape Verdean agricultural engineer, intellectual, poet, theoretician, revolutionary, political organizer, nationalist and diplomat. He was one of Africa’s foremost anti-colonial leaders.
Sir Edward Frederick William David Walugembe Mutebi Luwangula Mutesa II CBE MBE was Kabaka of the Kingdom of Buganda in Uganda from 22 November 1939 until his death. He was the thirty-fifth Kabaka of Buganda and the first President of Uganda.
Robert Gabriel Mugabe was a Zimbabwean revolutionary and politician who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017.Having dominated Zimbabwe’s politics for nearly four decades, Mugabe was a controversial figure. He was praised as a revolutionary hero of the African liberation struggle who helped free Zimbabwe from British colonialism, imperialism, and white minority rule.
Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda, also known as KK, is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991
Jomo Kenyatta was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who governed Kenya as its Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964 and then as its first President from 1964 to his death in 1978
Samora Moisés Machel was a Mozambican military commander, politician and revolutionary. A socialist in the tradition of Marxism–Leninism, he served as the first President of Mozambique from the country’s independence in 1975.
Hamani Diori was the first President of the Republic of Niger. He was appointed to that office in 1960, when Niger gained independence.
Reverend John Chilembwe (1871 – 3 February 1915) was a Baptist pastor and educator, who trained as a minister in the United States, returning to Nyasaland in 1901. He was an early figure in the resistance to colonialism in Nyasaland (Malawi), opposing both the treatment of Africans working in agriculture on European-owned plantations and the colonial government’s failure to promote the social and political advancement of Africans.
Idi Amin Dada Oumee was a Ugandan military officer who served as the President military officer and president (1971–79) of Uganda whose regime was noted for the sheer scale of its brutality.
Maurice Yaméogo was the first President of the Republic of Upper Volta, now called Burkina Faso, from 1959 until 1966. “Monsieur Maurice” embodied the Voltaic state at the moment of independence. However, his political ascension did not occur without difficulties.
António Agostinho Neto was an Angolan politician and poet. He served as the 1st President of Angola, having led the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in the war for independence. Until his death, he led the MPLA in the civil war.
AHAMED SEKOU TOURE
Ahmed Sékou Touré was a Guinean political leader who was the first President of Guinea, serving from 1958 until his death in 1984. Touré was among the primary Guinean nationalists involved in gaining independence of the country from France
Ahmed Ben Bella
Ahmed Ben Bella was an Algerian politician, socialist soldier and revolutionary who served as the first President of Algeria from 1963 to 1965.
popularly known as Aden Adde, was a Somali politician. He was the first President of Somali Republic present-day known as Somalia, serving from July 1, 1960, to July 6, 1967.
During the twelve years of his administration, the Republic of Madagascar experienced institutional stability that stood in contrast to the political turmoil many mainland African countries experienced in this period. This stability contributed to Tsiranana’s popularity and his reputation as a remarkable statesman. Madagascar experienced moderate economic growth under his moderately socialist policies and came to be known as “the Happy Island.”
Modibo Keïta was involved in various associations. In 1937, he was the coordinator of the art and theater group. Along with Ouezzin Coulibaly, he helped found the Union of French West African Teachers.Keïta joined the Communist Study Groups (GEC) cell in Bamako.In 1943, he founded the L’oeil de Kénédougou, a magazine critical of colonial rule. This led to his imprisonment for three weeks in 1946 at the Prison de la Santé in Paris.
Sylvanus Epiphanio Olympio was a Togolese politician who served as Prime Minister, and then President, of Togo from 1958 until his assassination in 1963. He came from the important Olympio family, which included his uncle Octaviano Olympio, one of the richest people in Togo in the early 1900s.
Habib Bourguiba was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman who served as the country’s leader from independence in 1956 to 1987. He first served as the second Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia before proclaiming the Republic of Tunisia in 1957 and thus becoming the first President of Tunisia.
Sidi Mohammed ben Yusef
Mohammad Al-Khamis Ben Youssef Ben Mohammed Al-Alaoui, known as Mohammed V, was Sultan of Morocco from 1927 to 1953; he was recognized as Sultan again upon his return from exile in 1955, and as King from 1957 to 1961.Mohammed V was an important national symbol in the growing Moroccan independence movement
François Tombalbaye, also known as N’Garta Tombalbaye, was a Chadian teacher and a trade union activist who served as the first president of Chad.
Sir Milton Augustus Strieby Margai PC was a Sierra Leonean doctor and politician who served as the country’s head of government from 1954 until his death in 1964. He was titled Chief Minister from 1954 to 1960, and then Prime Minister from 1961 onwards
Grégoire Kayibanda was the first elected President of Rwanda. As pioneer of the Rwandese revolution, he led Rwanda’s struggle for independence from Belgium, and replaced the Tutsi monarchy with a republican form of government. He asserted Hutu majority power.
Sobhuza II, KBE was the Paramount Chief and later King of Swaziland for 82 years and 254 days, the longest verifiable reign of any monarch in recorded history.
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE PC was a Nigerian politician, and the first prime minister of an independent Nigeria.
African heritage and its leadership
The question of leadership in Africa involves three categories of players: politicians, business leaders and the intellectual elites. .Also the three historical eras namely the African religious era, the Christian era and our time of globalization brought tremendous changes in the life of communities. Each era is characterized by distinct contributions to our understanding of leadership. Africa has a rich heritage of leadership, but it is not uniform. Among African cultures, there are some similarities, but there are also differences from time to time, from place to place, from people to people. The role of each of these players has been a deciding factor in the management of the State and society since the start of independence
What is leadership? Leadership has to do with someone who has commanding authority or influence within a group. In Africa a leader is viewed as someone who is a servant to the clan, tribe, community or group. In other words, African people treat a leader by virtue of being a king, priest or ruler chosen by virtue of the office in order
to serve the nation.
Africa For Africans
Africa the land of various opportunity
GOOD LEADERSHIP IN AFRICA
Good leadership in Africa always shares life with others.
This sharing of life was exemplified by medicine people. Medicine people make it
their practice to teach others about their wisdom and healing powers before they die.
There is an African idiom which reminds adults or senior citizens to “share their herbs
and healing powers with the young ones, so that when they die, the young ones will
continue the work of healing among their people
. In short, sharing of knowledge gives power, not only to the one who knows, but
also to the one who receives. One who shares knowledge with the villagers or community is the best leader. As a new and developing community, we expect good governance from our new
leaders, especially in the area of interpersonal care and service to others. Good governance requires that African leaders should lead and give direction for the benefit of the
community/villagers. This kind of leadership will lead others back to the basics of an
African renaissance. Leadership should be rooted in the moral African virtues that produce lasting benefits for the continent.
Finally, if Africa is to produce leaders who are honest, competent and committed,
the continent needs to embark on an educational process which will nurture future
leaders. This process will ensure that they continue addressing the interests of African
people even as they engage the challenged and life of the world
THE UNITY OF AFRICA IS POSSIBLE AND ALREADY IN EXISTANCE
African leaders have rediscovered the power of unity and dialogue,
which has opened a door to the careful examination of African problems. Secondly,
this discovery led to a further building of the need for an infrastructure of new leaders,
through which older leaders may share their wisdom and pass on positive African values to the next generation.